This summer, my group of high school interns and I are researching Grand Central Terminal, portrayed in the “Grand Central Station, N.Y.C.” portrait by Howard Thain from 1927. Thain painted people inside the terminal around the famous “clock” during a specific moment. Just like the people portrayed in the painting, the people who use it in 2011 use the station to arrive or depart the city or to take photographs of it’s grandeur. It is evident that Grand Central is depicted as the busy “city within the city.” However, since it was constructed, the depot itself needed to be renovated for various reasons. For example, the dead-end track layout was a huge problem in the 1800s, as they caused delays, “dangerous back ups,” and an over-crowded terminal due to the city’s increasing population.” Could you imagine having to deal with train delays and an overcrowded station everyday during rush hour? Thankfully in 1899, a chief engineer named William J. Wilgus designed an all electric “two level train yard” with two tracks that looped around, allowing the trains to pick up departing passengers. That was only the beginning, as they also had to design a new terminal building closed to solve the congestion without it ever being closed. Wilgus’ plan made it possible for people to be transported around with little disruptions. During the course of the internship, more specific posts will be put up on how Grand Central’s railway was reformed and evolved to what it is today.